Embryonic stem cells, on their face value, are truly beautiful and amazing part of human development since they are the foundational cells for every cell in the human body! And because of the pluripotency of embryonic stem cells and the corresponding supposed hope for medicinal use, researchs have sought to isolate these hESC. However, because theses stem cells are a necessary part of the embryos development, isolating the hESC necesitates the destruction of the embryo, which turns what was beautiful into a disgrace.
In human embryonic stem cell research (hESCR), the beauty of the human blastocyst is destroyed for the sake of using these hESC to treat other diseases. The stem cells of the human blastocyst are removed, leaving the blastocyst dead and unable to continue its maturation process. The image at the right indicates this process.
These cells are then placed in a pietri dish and are encouraged to multiply undifferentiated until a “stem cell line” is created. Then, these lines are either immediately frozen for later experimentation, or they are experimented on to see how they differentiate into specific cells, at what rate the differentiation is done, and how the differentiation can be controlled.
While many scientists see hESCR as the holy grail of medicine, it is alarming to note that neither any treatments or cures have materalized through the use of hESCR. In fact, they omit that their is no timeframe as to when treatments or cures will materialize.
However, there are significant problems with hESCR:
Because of these two problems, researchers need to research more to diagnose these problems. To research more, scientists need more human embryonic stem cells, which, of course, means more destrution of embryos to obtain the stem cells.
Lets break down how scientists isolate hESC.
1)In Vitro Fertilization: in In Vitro Fertilization, many eggs are taken from the mother’s body and placed in a pietri dish with sperm of the father. Many eggs are fertilized in this controlled process to increase the chances of successful development. However, only one fertilized egg is placed within the womb of the mother to be carried to term. The rest of the fertilized eggs, being in property of the father and mother, are either frozen for later use or are donated to scientists for experiment. These scientists, then, let the zygote develop into a blastocyst. At the blasotcyst stage, they strip the stem cells from the human, leaving the blastocyst dead.
2)Cloning (aka Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer SCNT): In cloning, an ovum or “egg” is taken from the ovary of a women. The nucleus (DNA) of the “egg” is removed leaving a denucleated ovum. Then, the nucleus of a normal cell (a cell with the full DNA code of 46 chromosomes, such as a ski cell) is removed and inserted into the denucleated “egg”. This leaves an “egg” with 46 chromosomes. This “egg” with a full DNA is shocked and the 46 chromosomes begin to divide, exactly as a egg in a mother’s fallopian tube would upon fertilization by the sperm.
This newly created zygote’s cells divide and develops on the same path as the egg fertilized by the sperm, meaning in 7-14 days it is called a blastocyst. At this point, this “cloned” embryo can either be implanted in a surrogate mother’s womb and carried to term, or it can be stripped of its embryonic stem cells and left to die. (mcc video- 5:49-7:31) Read about the problems with cloning by clicking here.
All this put together results in a rejection of embryonic stem cell research.
Does Louisiana Law Ban Embryonic Stem Cell Research?
Through Adult Stem Cell Research, an ethical and successful method exists that simply replaces the need for hESCR. In our discussion of Adult Stem Cell Research, let us show you why we believe all people can be united towards cures through ethical means.